as to introduction and passing of Bills.
(1) Any Bill may be originate by any Member in
either House of Parliament.
(2) A Bill is placed and pending before either House of Parliament, never lapses for any reason whatsoever,
even after dissolution of the Lok Sabha, unless such House passes a resolution to that effect.
(3) Any Bill, other than Money Bill, shall be passed with the clear majority by the both Houses of
Parliament. This does not include any Bill for the amendment in any provision of the Constitution.
Bill passed by consensus of both Houses of Parliament, President shall assent such Bill immediately, unless he has any doubts
(Consensus means at least ninety percentage of the member strength should present and shall vote in
favour of such Bill, in each House.)
President having any doubts about consensus, within Ten days from the date of request for assent, he can direct for joint
sitting of both Houses to reconsider the Bill. Such joint meeting shall be presiding by the Chief Justice of Bharat.
sitting of both Houses in certain cases.
If after a Bill has been passed by one House
and transmitted to the other House-
the Bill is rejected by the other House; or
the either House have disagreed as to the amendments
made in the Bill, by other House; or
more than one hundred working days of the Parliament
elapse from the date of the reception of the Bill by the other House without the Bill being passed by it,
the President shall notify to the Houses
to summon them to meet in a joint sitting for the purpose of deliberating and voting on the Bill:
Provided that nothing in this clause
shall apply to a Money Bill.
Once a joint sitting of the both Houses of Parliament is notified, neither House shall proceed further with the subject
matter of the notification.
(3) When any Bill is passed by the
Lok Sabha, but rejected by the Rajya Sabha, Bill shall be passed or rejected without any amendments, in such joint meeting
of both Houses.
When any Bill is passed by the Rajya Sabha
but rejected by the Lok Sabha, Bill, if not rejected, can be passed with amendments, in such joint meeting of both Houses.
Annual financial Statements.
The President shall in respect of every financial
year cause to be laid before both the Houses of Parliament a statement of the estimated receipts and expenditure of the Government
of India for that year, in this Part referred to as the "annual financial statement".
The estimates of expenditure embodied in the
annual financial statement shall show separately-
the sums required to meet expenditure described
by this Constitution as expenditure charged upon the Consolidated Fund of Bharat; and
the sums required to meet other expenditure
proposed to be made from the Consolidated Fund for Bharat,
distinguish expenditure on revenue account from other expenditure.
The following expenditure shall be expenditure
charged on the Consolidated Fund of Bharat:-
the emoluments, salaries, allowances and pensions
payable by the Central Government to the persons holds any Constitutional Office referred under this Constitution;
the expenditures under the Constitutional obligation
of the Central Government;
debt charges for which the Government of Bharat
is liable including interest, sinking fund charges, and redemption charges, and other expenditure relating to the raising
of loans in public interest and the service and redemption of debt;
any sums required to satisfy any judgment,
decree or award of any court or arbitral tribunal;
any other expenditure declared by this Constitution
or by Parliament by law to be so charged.
A Money Bill shall be introduced only in the
A copy of the Money Bill shall be tabled in
the Rajya Sabha.
Once a Money Bill is introduced in the Lok
Sabha, the Government of Bharat shall be entitled to act accordingly.
Rajya Sabha can make, within clear 30 days
from the date of tabling of the Bill before it, any suggestion in respect of the Money Bill, whether or not the Lok Sabha
accepts it. The Deputy Chairman of the Rajya Sabha to the Speaker of Lok Sabha shall inform such suggestions.
Lok Sabha can make amendments, in the Money
Bills, with the clear majority of the Membership of the Lok Sabha.
Definition of the "Money Bills"
A Bill shall be deemed to be a Money Bill if
it contains only provisions dealing with all or any of the following matters, namely-
the imposition, abolition, remission, alteration
or regulation of any tax:
the regulation of the borrowing of money or
the giving of any guarantee by the Government of Bharat, or the amendment of the law with respect to any financial obligations
undertaken or to be undertaken by the Government of Bharat;
that the total amount of the obligations under this sub-clause shall not be more than double of the assets of the Central
the custody of the Consolidated Fund or the
Contingency Fund of Bharat, the payment of moneys into or the withdrawal of moneys from any such Fund;
the appropriation of moneys out of the Consolidated
Fund of Bharat;
the declaring of any expenditure to be expenditure
charged on the Consolidated Fund of Bharat or the increasing of the amount of any such expenditure;
the receipt of money on account of the Consolidated
Fund of Bharat or the public account of Bharat or the custody or issue of such money or the audit of the accounts of the Central
or of a State; or
any matter incidental to any of the matters
specified in sub-clauses (a) to (f).
All details in the Money Bills shall be in
clear terms with separate account numbers for separate expenditures and no money shall be spent from one account for any other
The Government of Bharat through its Finance
Minister shall introduce a Money Bill.
A Bill shall not be deemed to be a Money Bill
by reason only that it provides for the imposition of fines or other pecuniary penalties, or for the demand or payment of
fees for licenses or fees for services rendered, or by reason that it provides for the imposition, abolition, remission, alteration
or regulation of any tax by any local authority or body for local purposes.
If any question arises whether a Bill is a
Money Bill or not, the decision of the Speaker shall be final.
There shall be endorsed on every Money Bill
when it is presented to the President for assent, the certificate of the Speaker signed by him that it is a Money Bill.
When a Bill is passed by the both Houses of
the Parliament, under consensus of the members, as defined in the Constitution the terms of consent, the President after receipt
for assent, immediately shall give his assent to it, unless he has some doubts about the consensus in the both Houses of the
When the Lok Sabha passes any Money Bill, the
President shall assent it as soon as possible immediately after the presentation to him.
Any other Bill has been passed by the both
Houses of the Parliament, it shall be presented to the President, and within Ten days the President shall declare that he
assents to the Bill or that he return the Bill with a message requesting that they will reconsider the Bill or any specific
provisions thereof and, in particular, will consider the desirability of introducing any such amendments as he may recommend
in his message, and when a Bill is so returned, the Houses shall reconsider the Bill accordingly, and if the Bill is passed
again by the Houses with or without amendment and presented to the President for assent, the President shall not withhold
In case any Bill is not assented or returned
within Ten days under Clause (3), such Bill shall be enacted and become effective as Law.
in Parliament with respect to estimates.
So much of the estimates as relates to expenditure
charged upon the Consolidated Fund of Bharat shall not be submitted to the vote of Parliament, but nothing in this clause
shall be construed as preventing the discussion in either House of Parliament of any of those estimates.
So much of the said estimates as relates to
other expenditure shall be submitted in the form of demands for grants to the Lok Sabha, and the Lok Sabha shall have power
to refuse to assent, to any demand or to reduce the grants of the amounts specified therein by the majority of the then all
members of the Lok Sabha, otherwise it shall be deemed as grant of such expenditures.
No demand for a grant shall be made except
on the recommendation of the President.
As soon as may be after the grants have been
made by the Lok Sabha, there shall be introduced a Bill to provide for the appropriation out of the Consolidated Fund of Bharat
of all moneys required to meet-
the grants so made by the Lok Sabha; and
the expenditure charged on the
Fund of Bharat but not exceeding in any case the amount shown in the statement previously lay before Parliament.
No amendment shall be proposed to any such
Bill in either House of Parliament which will have the effect of varying the amount or altering the destination of any grant
so made or of varying the amount of any expenditure charged on the Consolidated Fund of Bharat, and the decision of the person
presiding as to whether an amendment is inadmissible under this clause shall be final.
Subject to the provisions under this Constitution
for Supplementary, additional or excess grants or for Votes on account, votes of credit and exceptional grants, no money shall
be withdrawn from the Consolidated Fund of Bharat except under appropriation made by law passed in accordance with the provisions
of this article.
92. Supplementary, additional or excess grants.
The President shall-
if the amount authorised by any law made in
accordance with the provisions for appropriation Bills to be extended for a particular service for the current financial year
is found to be insufficient for the purposes of that year or when a need has arisen during the current financial year for
supplementary or additional expenditure upon some new services not contemplated in the annual financial statement for that
if any money has been spent on any service
during a financial year in excess of the amount granted for that service and for that year,
be laid before both the Houses of Parliament another statement showing estimated amount of that expenditure or cause to be
presented to the Lok Sabha a demand for such excess, as the case may be.
The provisions relating to annual financial
statement, procedure in respects to estimates and appropriation Bills shall have effect in relation to any such statement
and expenditure or demand and also to any law to be made authorising the appropriation of moneys out of the Consolidated Fund
of India to meet such expenditure or the grant in respect of such demand as they have effect in relation to the annual financial
statement and the expenditure mentioned therein or to a demand for a grant and the law to be made for the authorisation of
appropriation of moneys out of the Consolidated Fund of India to meet such expenditure or grant.
on account, votes of credit and exceptional grants.
The Government of Bharat have powers-
to place a statement for vote on account before
Lok Sabha for any grant in advance in respect of the estimated expenditure for a part of any financial year pending the completion
of the related procedure prescribed under this Chapter, for the voting of such grant and the passing of the law in accordance
with the provisions for appropriation Bill in relation to that expenditure;
to place a statement for grant for meeting
an unexpected demand upon the resources of the Bharat when on account of the magnitude of the indefinite character of the
service the demand cannot be stated with the details ordinarily given in an annual financial statement;
to place a statement for an exception grant
which forms no part of the current service of any financial year;
Sabha shall have powers to make any suggestions to Lok Sabha within three working days from the presentation of such statement,
to refuse the assent, to any demand or to reduce the grants of the amounts specified therein by the majority of the then all
members of the Lok Sabha.
Lok Sabha shall have power to refuse within
seven working days from the presentation of such statement to assent, to any demand or to reduce the grants of the amounts
specified therein by the majority of the then all members of the Lok Sabha.
The provisions with respect estimates and appropriation
Bill shall have effect in relation to the making of any grant under clause (1) and to any law to be made under that clause
as they have effect in relation to the making of a grant with regard to any expenditure mentioned in the annual financial
statement and the law to be made for the authorisation of appropriation of moneys out of Consolidated Fund of Bharat to meet
provision as to financial Bills.
A Bill for any of the matters pertaining to
Money Bills shall not be introduced or moved except on the recommendation of the President and shall be introduced before
Lok Sabha only.
A Bill shall make clear provision for any of
the matters aforesaid by the reasons for the imposition of fines or other pecuniary penalties, or for the demand or payment
of fees for licenses or fees for services rendered, or by reason that it provides for the imposition, remission, alteration
or regulation of any tax by any local authority or body for local purposes.
A Bill introduced before the Lok Sabha on the
recommendation from the President, if enacted without any amendment and brought into operation, and would involved expenditure
from the Consolidated Fund of Bharat such recommendation of the President shall be deemed assent.
Each House of Parliament shall make rules for
regulating, subject to the provisions of this Constitution, its procedure and conduct of its business, with the majority of
seventy percentages of all members of each House.
Until rules are made under clause (1), the
President, after consultation with the Chairman of the Rajya Sabha and Speaker of the Lok Sabha, may make rules as to the
procedure and conduct of the business of each House.
The President, after consultation with the
Chairman of the Rajya Sabha and Speaker of the Lok Sabha, may make rules as to the procedure with respect to joint sittings
of, and communications between, the two Houses.
by law of procedure in Parliament in relation to financial business.
Parliament shall make Law by framing the appropriate
Rules for timely completion of the financial business, regulated by the procedure of, and the conduct of business in, each
House of Parliament in relation to any financial matter or to any Bill for the appropriation of moneys out of the Consolidated
Fund of Bharat.
Such Rules shall be passed by the clear strength
of seventy-five percentages of the members of each House.
to be used in Parliament.
With prior information to and permission from
the Chairman of the Rajya Sabha or Speaker of the Lok Sabha any member can address the respective House in his mother tongue.
In such case he shall supply an advance copy 7 days before his address.
If any member can give his address in Hindi,
he can do so, without such permission or advance copy.
on discussion in Parliament.
discussion shall take place in Parliament with respect to the conduct of any Judge of the Supreme Court or of a High Court
or member of National Judicial Commission or Chairman of Law Commission of Bharat, Commissioners of the Election Commission
of Bharat in the discharge of his duties, except the impeachment motion.
not to inquire into proceedings of Parliament.
The validity of any proceedings in Parliament
shall not be called in question before any court.
Provision under clause (1) does not prevent
any court to proceed with any criminal proceeding against any Member of Parliament.
Power of President to promulgate Ordinances during recess of Parliament.
The President if satisfied that circumstances
so exist, which render it necessary for him to take immediate action, he may promulgate such Ordinances as the circumstances
appear to him to require.
The President shall satisfy himself that the
proposed Ordinance is in accordance with the provisions of the Constitution.
The President shall satisfied himself before
promulgation of any Ordinance that Parliament may pass a Bill in accordance with the provisions of the Constitution to substitute
such Ordinance, within six months from the date of the Ordinance.
In any case, Parliament not pass a Bill under
clause (2), within such period the same shall be ceased to operate on expiry of such period of six months or from the date
of rejection of Bill, if rejected by the Parliament.
Ordinance shall made clear provisions that
in case Parliament rejects or not pass a Bill to substitute such Ordinance, what will be force and effect of the Ordinance
in respect of the period during which Ordinance shall be operative.
There shall be a Three Member
Commission to manage All-Bharat services, for public administration at national and State levels and for administrative services
at abroad offices of government of Bharat, including their selection and training.
The cabinet secretary to
the Government of Bharat shall be Chairman of the Commission. The other members of the commission shall be appointed by the
Prime Minister, in consultation with the Leader of the Opposite Party in the Lok Sabha.
Appropriate service rules
shall be framed by the Law Commission of Bharat, in consultation with the Central and State Governments and inviting suggestions
from the people, which shall be abide by the members of All-Bharat services and guide to regulate the transfers of such members
and their sub-ordinates, without any political interference.
No personnel from All-Bharat
Services which includes existing Indian Administrative Service (I.A.S.), and Indian Police Service (I.P.S.) or likewise services
shall work in a particular State or under one particular Department or office of the Central government for more than five
years, during his entire service period.
For any administrative office,
which requires technical backgrounds, any administrative personnel shall be appointed having such technical qualifications.